Response to ‘Australia's contribution to the free abdominoplasty flap in breast reconstruction’

Main Article Content

David George Pennington


free tissue flaps, microsurgery, Australia


Perhaps few realise that the development of what became known as the free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap was a race involving not one but two surgical teams, one in Sydney and the other, with the aid of the Australian Richard Hamilton, in Sweden

Article Metrics Graph

Abstract 162 | PDF Downloads 154 HTML Downloads 272


1. Hamilton R, Fogdestam I. Australia's contribution to the free abdominoplasty flap in breast reconstruction. Aust J Plast Surg. 2019;2(2):84–89.
2. Taylor, GI and Ham, FJ. The free vascularised nerve graft—a further experimental and clinical application of microvascular techniques. Plast Recons Surg. 1976;57(4): 413–426.
3. Brown RG, Vasconez LO, Jurkiewicz MJ. Transverse abdominal flaps and the deep epigastric arcade. Plast Recons Surg. 1975;55(4): 416–2.
4. Pennington DG, Lai MF, Pelly AD. The rectus abdominis myocutaneous free flap. Brit J Plast Surg (1980) 33:277–82.
5. O'Brien B McC. Microvascular reconstructive surgery. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1977. pp 29–39.
6. Taylor GI and Daniel RK. The free flap: composite tissue transfer by vascular anastomosis. ANZ J Surg. 1973;43(1):1–3. PMid:4200573
7. Miller GD, Anstee EJ, Snell JA. Successful replantation of an avulsed scalp by microvascular anastomoses. Plast Recons Surg. 1976;58(2):133–36. PMid:940866
8. Pennington DG, Lai MF, Pelly AD. Successful replantation of a completely avulsed ear by microvascular anastomosis. Plast Recons Surg. 1980;65(6): 820–23. PMID: 7384284

Similar Articles

1 2 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.